Plaque is the leading cause for periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease. Illness and prescription or non-prescriptions street drugs can also lead to gum disease.
Your mouth is full of bacteria, which constantly forms a colourless plaque on your teeth
Brushing and flossing go a long way towards removing plaque, which is why it is so critical to brush and floss daily. A favourite dental response to ‘how often do I need to floss,’ is ‘only floss the teeth you want to keep.’ So true!
Gum diseases starts out as simple inflammation – “gingivitis” – which is when gums become red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be reversed with daily brushing and flossing, and regular dental care.
We use highly effective, deep-cleaning soft tissue treatment for gum disease.
Left unchecked, plaque will advance to more serious levels – “periodontitis” – that result in major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth. In periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form pockets that are infected. The plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. Bacterial toxins and the body’s enzymes fighting the infection break down the bone and connective tissue that hold teeth in place.
If left untreated, the connective tissue and bone will no longer hold the teeth in place and first they will start to move around, become loose, then before long teeth are lost.
Plaque that is not removed can harden and form bacteria-harboring tartar that cannot be removed by brushing alone. Only a professional dental hygienist cleaning can remove tartar. The longer plaque and tartar are on teeth, the more harm they will do.
To arrest and reverse these problems we use deep-cleaning technology to remove tartar from above and below the gum line, eliminate rough spots on the tooth root where germs gather, and help remove bacteria that contribute to the disease. Together with traditional processes of scaling and planing, we are able to produce effective results quickly.
Depending on the severity of gum disease, we may need to recommend medication or surgery to pull back the gums to remove tartar that can’t be removed otherwise.
For severe cases, it may be possible to graft connective tissue or bone to replace or encourage new growth in areas destroyed by periodontitis.